* Graphic: World FX rates in 2020 https://tmsnrt.rs/2RBWI5E
By Hideyuki Sano
TOKYO, June 23 (Reuters) – The U.S. dollar was on the backfoot on Tuesday, while its Australian counterpart and other risk-sensitive currencies stood firm as markets clung on to hopes of an economic recovery from the pandemic despite rising infections in some parts of the world.
Traders bought into riskier bets as some big cities in North America, such as New York and Toronto, eased lockdowns and reopened their economies, though that came against setbacks elsewhere in fight to contain the coronavirus.
The World Health Organization (WHO) reported a record increase in global novel coronavirus cases on Sunday, with spikes in infections in southern and western U.S. states as well as Brazil.
“Market players have been bracing for the second wave for some time and they are probably betting that it won’t drag down the economy too much because policymakers are reluctant to impose lockdowns again,” said Yukio Ishizuki, senior strategist at Daiwa Securities.
The Australian dollar fetched $0.69245, up 0.25% in early trade, building on the 1.08% gains made on Monday, also helped by the recovery in commodity prices.
The currency enjoyed an additional boost on Monday when Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) Governor Philip Lowe said the currency’s recent rise was not a problem and the impact of the pandemic would not be as bad as feared.
Against a basket of currencies, the dollar was little changed at 97.021 after a fall of 0.68% on Monday.
The offshore yuan traded at 7.0559 yuan per dollar, edging near two-month highs of 7.0400 hit last week.
European currencies also recovered after nearly two weeks of retreat.
The euro jumped back to $1.12705, about a cent above Monday’s low.
Sterling bounced back to $1.2489, up 0.14% so far on the day, from Monday’s three-week low of $1.2337.
Investors are now looking to European business activity surveys due later in the day.
Economists expect the euro zone composite flash PMI to rise to 42.4 in June from 31.9 last month as European economies gradually reopen.
Emerging market currencies also ticked up with the MSCI emerging market currency index rising near its highest levels in a week.
The yen was little moved, stuck at 106.90 yen per dollar . (Reporting by Hideyuki Sano Editing by Shri Navaratnam)